The most common cause of toothache and dental treatment is caries. This is called the process of destruction of enamel and hard tissues of the tooth, which without treatment progresses and spreads deep. Let’s find out what causes caries, what are the possible complications and most importantly, what are the treatments for this ailment.
A lot of bacteria live in a person’s mouth – within a few hours after eating and thoroughly brushing teeth, the number of different microorganisms in the oral cavity can reach a million! It is these germs that actively adhere to the surface of the teeth, which is the main cause of tooth decay. The task-maximum of every person who cares about their own health – is to minimize the factors that contribute to the multiplication of bacteria. You can achieve this goal by following simple but effective recommendations:
If despite all efforts, tooth decay has already appeared and gives you discomfort, you should consult a doctor. The sooner you come to the dentist’s appointment – the simpler, inexpensive and painless your “tooth repair” will be. To delay the visit and not be afraid of pain. To date anesthesia in dentistry has reached a high level of development, which makes caries treatment at any stage absolutely painless.
Even if you do not feel pain but have noticed discoloration of the enamel or any darkening on the tooth surface, this is a direct indication for treatment by the dentist. Don’t be afraid to look distrustful or strange when coming to the doctor with only visual signs of illness. Among the visual testimonials are also the clefts of the enamel and the visible dark cracks located along the edge of the seal (secondary caries).
Going to the doctor in the early stages, when the changes are not yet painful, the patient significantly reduces the time and cost of caries treatment.
Tactile readings include a painful reaction to eating hot, cold, sweet or salty foods, as well as pain sensations of varying degrees.
It is important to note that for the treatment of caries there are contraindications, namely:
In order to choose the right treatment, you must first perform a thorough diagnosis. Yes, the extent of dental caries can be initial, moderate and deep. In the first case, on the surface of the tooth, there are slight darkening, roughness, and foci of demineralization of tooth enamel. In other words, there is only a small spot on the enamel that does not extend to the dental tissues.
In the middle stage, caries affects the dentin layer beneath the enamel, creating cavities. With regard to deep caries, it means the spread of infection deeper than the dentin layer – at this stage complications often occur.
If early-stage caries and tooth tissue are not yet affected, you can do without sealing and boron using ICON infiltration technology to treat it. During the procedure, a special drug is applied to the patient, which destroys the carious area. Next, a resin imitating tooth enamel is applied to the surface.
With an average degree of tooth damage, the installation of the seal is shown. This process includes:
After polishing, the patient should not have discomfort when closing his teeth. If you feel that there is excess material left at the edges of the treated tooth, tell your doctor and a specialist will resolve the problem in a few seconds.
When reaching the caries of the pulp and dental nerve, one seal is no longer dispensed with and it is possible that treatment of the canal teeth will be needed. In this case, a specialist’s examination and consultation are required to prepare a treatment plan.
Cement, plastic, ceramic, fiberglass, metal and photopolymer fillings are distinguished by the appearance and properties of the manufacturing materials. The most common cement and photopolymer samples.
Cement fillings are hardly used at the moment, as they give a quick shrinkage and often provoke the appearance of secondary caries. The only plus of such a seal is the low price. However, it should be understood that the cement seal is fragile and unreliable, it will have to be changed frequently.
Photopolymer fillings or light curing fillers are considered to be the best option for adult patients because they have a minimum shrinkage and a long life (5 to 10 years). Special equipment – halogen lamp – is used for curing the seal.
Many parents neglect to treat their baby’s teeth, considering this procedure optional. And in vain. After all, negligence in this matter can cause serious dental problems in adulthood – poorly developed jaw bone, malocclusion, gum disease, tooth loss, etc.
Therefore, children need dental treatment in the same way as adults. If you notice dark spots on the surface of the baby’s tooth, this is the first manifestation of caries changes. See your doctor as soon as possible and remineralizing paste will be sufficient for treatment.
The treatment of caries, which penetrated into the deep layers of dental tissues, is carried out with the help of boron, just like in adults. Anesthesia in such cases, as a rule, are special gels, which well anesthetize the area of the tooth and do not cause the child psychological trauma from visiting the dentist’s office.
The choice of treatment method is influenced by the stage of development of the carious process. Tooth sealing in children is done with the latest generation of fillings with a high level of resistance to chewing loads.
Parents should be aware that the treatment of pediatric root canals is significantly different from the treatment regimen for adult patients. Needles are not to be feared, in which case they are not used by pediatric dentists. The doctor will clean the dentin and the caries pulp and cause a paste that will lead to nerve death. And already at the next visit, the dentist will clean the tooth, introduce a bactericidal medicine and put a seal.
Prices for the treatment of caries depend on the stage of the disease and the chosen method of treatment. Before consulting a specialist you can read the prices for different types of fillings and find the most suitable option for you. But in any case, the best solution is to consult a dentist. The doctor will conduct a primary examination, if necessary, take a picture, make a diagnosis and make an individual treatment plan.
When referring to our clinic, patients can count on courtesy, high qualification, honesty, professional advice from dental practitioners and quality painless treatment. We welcome patients of all ages and are always happy to see seniors and children consult.
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